初中英语词性详解

发布日期:2019-04-05 浏览次数:

  可选中1个或多个下面的关键词,搜索相关资料。也可直接点“搜索资料”搜索整个问题。

  形容词:修饰名词代词,表示人或事物的形状、性质或特征的,如a (big)desk,He is (good).

  副词:修饰动词、形容词或其他副词,表示动作行为的性质或特征的,如He did it (very) (well)

  介词:用在名词或代词的前面,说明这个名词或代词语句中其他词的关系,如in the room,in front of me

  冠词:用在名词的前面,说明这个名词所指的是什么人或物,如a pen; The book ismine.

  前六种词类为实词,可以单独做句子成分;后四种为虚词,不能单独使用必须和其他词一起才能做句子成分。

  展开全部从英译汉的角度讲,英语和汉语在词汇方面有词义、词的搭配能力和词序上的不同;在句法方面则有句子结构、句序和句子内容的一些表达手段上的差异。因此,在英译汉过程中,需要运用转换词性、调整句子顺序等技巧,以使译文符合汉语的表达习惯。 英语与汉语相比较,汉语中动词用得较多。往往在英语句子中只用一个谓语动词,而在汉语中却可以连用几个动词或动词性结构。所以,英语中不少词类在汉译时往往可以转译成动词。

  一一一一、、、、名词较换成动词名词较换成动词名词较换成动词名词较换成动词

  二、、、、形容词形容词形容词形容词、、、、副词和介词转换成动词副词和介词转换成动词副词和介词转换成动词副词和介词转换成动词

  arrive ― arrival able ― ability accept ― acceptanceachieve ― achievement appear ― appearance appoint ― appointmentappreciate ― appreciation approve ― approval apply ― applicationastonish ― astonishment behave ― behavior breathe ― breathcomplain ― complaint consider ― consideration decide ― decisiondeep ― depth depend ― dependence die ― deathdiffer ― difference difficult ― difficulty direct ― directiondisappoint ― disappointment educate ― education elect ― electionexamine ― examinationexplain ― explanation expose ― exposurefly ― flight friend ― friendship happy ― happinessimagine ― imagination impress ― impression improve ― improvemeinform ― information intent ― intention invent ― inventionloyal ― loyaltymove ― movement object ― objectionoccur ― occurrenceoperate ― operation necessary ― necessitypeaceful ― peace perform ― performance permit ― permissionperson ― personal polite ― politeness product ― productionpresent ― presence protect ― protection react ― reactionrefuse ― refusal respond ― responseresponsible ― responsibilischolar ― scholarship short ― shortage solve ― solution able ― enable act ― activebelieve ― beliefbenefit ― beneficialconfidence ― confident convenient ― conveniencecourage ― courageouscost ― costly crowd ― crowdeddanger ― dangerousdesire ― desirable differ ― differenteconomy ― economicembarrass ― embarrassed expect ― unexpectedlyEurope ― Europeanextreme ― extremelyfortune ― fortunatefortunate ― fortunatelyfrighten ― frightened gold ― goldenhealth ― healthyindustry ― industriallate ― latelylogic ― logicallymusic ― musicalnerve ― nervousoccasion ― occasionaloffice ― official plenty ― plentiful practice ― practicalproper ― properly reason ― reasonableready ― readilyreception ― receptionist regular ― regularlyremark ― remarkable respect ― respectful/respectable satisfaction ― satisfied


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